Internet of Things
It’s all started back in 1960’s when internet started to get in shape. Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was one of the world's first operational packet switching networks, the first network to implement TCP/IP, and one of the progenitors of what was to become the global Internet. The World Wide Web ("WWW" or simply the "Web") is a global information medium which users can read and write via computers connected to the Internet. Sir Timothy John "Tim" Berners-Lee best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web in early 1990’s.
Internet continue to evolve, today it is mainly used for communication between 2 humans or also known as H2H (Human to human communication). It currently dominated by emails, chat services, various messengers, websites, shopping portals, entertainment websites. Today there are billions of devices that are connected to internet processing more than petabytes of data. So important thing is how much is internet size? Few years of ago we were describing hard drive size of Megabytes and Gigabytes. Its not so distant future that Terabyte is used frequently.
To give idea
· 1 Bit = Binary Digit
· 8 Bits = 1 Byte
· 1024 Bytes = 1 Kilobyte
· 1024 Kilobytes = 1 Megabyte
· 1024 Megabytes = 1 Gigabyte
· 1024 Gigabytes = 1 Terabyte
· 1024 Terabytes = 1 Petabyte
· 1024 Petabytes = 1 Exabyte
· 1024 Exabytes = 1 Zettabyte
· 1024 Zettabytes = 1 Yottabyte
· 1024 Yottabytes = 1 Brontobyte
· 1024 Brontobytes = 1 Geopbyte
It’s said that Google search engines processes approximately 20 petabyte of data requests every day!!!!
What is Internet of Things?
What is Internet of Things? Is it visible? How it looks? Who owns it?
Answer is no one really knows for now….
Stephen Hawking to remind us that artificial intelligence might just evolve a little quicker than we're prone to. The result could be the end of our evolution and, indeed, the end of us. Is it Terminator from Skynet? Skynet was a fictional self-aware artificial intelligence system which features centrally in the Terminator franchise movie and serves as the franchise's main antagonist. Skynet's operations are almost exclusively performed by war-machines, cyborgs (usually a Terminator), and other computer systems, with the goal of exterminating the human race.
(Image Ref: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Terminator#mediaviewer/File:Terminator1984movieposter.jpg )
Kevin Ashton is known for inventing the term "the Internet of Things" to describe a system where the Internet is connected to the physical world via ubiquitous sensors.
Currently there are billions of devices connected to each other via internet (More connected devices than people). Main goal of Internet of Things (IoT) is using existing internet infrastructure to have machines communicate with another machine without human intervention and provide amazing results benefiting human.
Take an example of H2H (Human – Human) interaction in real world. Typical conversation happens when they know
- Other person’s Name
- They speak common language
- They listen to other person and then reply back after processing data (even gossip J ).
Similarly IoT devices will communicate with each other effectively when they know
- Other Device Name ( IP Address – Ipv6 , RFID)
- They speak common language ( Listen via sensors )
- They listen to other device and process that data and send it further to another machine or human.
In order to process such huge data such IoT devices will need to use Big Data (e.g. Hadoop).
Examples of IoT are endless, example would be simple medicine consumed by patient which will report all results digitally to doctors directly, allowing doctor to take care of patient efficiently.
Various fields that will be beneficiated from IoT are
o Drug usage tracking, giving accurate and real time data of patient, allowing doctors to give emergency treatment faster and accurate.
· Energy Consumption and monitoring
o Energy resources will be monitored by devices for effective use
· Disaster Management
· Industrial Automation
· Smart Home
· Food Industry
o Control food quality , overproduction , wastage
o Automatic nutrition control
Various IoT applications which are currently live or in production
Ninja Blocks are tiny cloud enabled computers that can sense their environment by receiving input from a variety of sensors & can affect their surroundings by controlling lights, power sockets, and other actuators. Various examples of IoT based on ninjablocks
- turn on the lights & heater when we get home
- get an alert when the washing is done
- know when washing is done
- upload a photo to dropbox when someone is in your room
- remotely turn home stuff on and off
- Vehicle Industry
IoT will be very useful in vehicles, when they become increasingly connected, becoming self-aware, autonomous. Helping to reduce road accidents and making travel more secure.
Waze is a GPS-based geographical navigation application program for smartphones with GPS support and display screens which provides turn-by-turn information and user-submitted travel times and route details, downloading location-dependent information over the mobile telephone network. It was developed by the Israeli start-up Waze Mobile, which was acquired by Google in 2013.
Waze differs from traditional GPS navigation software as it is a community-driven application which gathers some complementary map data and other traffic information from users. It provides real time traffic update based on data captured from other users. Provide nearest petrol pump etc.
Nest Labs is a home automation company headquartered in
that designs and manufactures sensor-driven, Wi-Fi-enabled, self-learning,
programmable thermostats and smoke detectors. The Nest Learning Thermostat is an electronic, programmable, and
self-learning Wi-Fi-enabled thermostat that optimizes heating and cooling of
homes and businesses to conserve energy Palo Alto, California
There are over 1 billion cars on the road today. We rely on our cars for so many things in our lives, but right now the connection between them and the other mobile technology in our lives isn't always seamless. The Open Automotive Alliance is a group of leading automakers and technology companies that share a vision for making technology in the car safer, more seamless and more intuitive for everyone
Voyce provides wearable technology that bridges the communication gap between dogs, their owners. Three-part approach of Discover, Learn, and Share gives unprecedented insight into dog’s health and wellbeing, information and tools for dog and ability to share with veterinarian and social networks
There is so much data available publically via IoT. There are lot of concerns that needs to be taken care before making such products publically available
- Security , Privacy
How you handle security and privacy of people from illegal access to this devices. Intruder can find a loophole into system and can misuse this data.
- Environmental Usage
Current devices consume so much energy, affecting environment. With addition of new devices which needs to be using solar energy and not to increase pollution
- IoT is currently not governed by any country or any standards. A strict standard needs to be in place to avoid any major disaster
Benefits of IoT are limitless, from safety of human to automation of critical jobs to advance technology in medicine. IoT is going to help humans achieve things that were seen impossible by humans earlier. IoT is going to create a multi billion dollor business, creating more job opportunities. A better control and governance is required for implementation of IoT. Only time will tell how IoT is going to shape 21st century.
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Wikipedia.org, ninjablocks.com, google nest, google waze, tomfishburne.com